On this page we intend to build a list of publications that use data from TM-Link. If you publish a journal article, conference paper, or working paper that uses TM-Link data, let us know via the button below and we will post a link to your research here.


Working papers

Analysis of international trade at the sub-national region level is perennially hampered by the lack of granular data. We contribute a new analytic approach for understanding trade performance of sub-national regions using a newly constructed international trademark filing dataset. We show that international trademarks provide an indicator of regional export activity by analyzing US data aggregated to the industry and State level. Our new dataset shows more detailed information about exporting businesses than have previously been unavailable such as the company name, industry, market and location. It is therefore valuable for public sector export promotion programs as well as business seeking timely information about the behavior of their competitors.

Petrie S, Kollmann T, Codoreanu A, Thomson R & Webster E (2019); International Trademarking and Regional Export Performance. Available at SSRN:


Conference papers


Researchers and policy makers are concerned with many international issues regarding trademarks, such as trademark squatting, cluttering, and dilution. Trademark application data can provide an evidence base to inform government policy regarding these issues, and can also produce quantitative insights into economic trends and brand dynamics. Currently, national trademark databases can provide insight into economic and brand dynamics at the national level, but gaining such insight at an international level is more difficult due to a lack of internationally linked trademark data. We are in the process of building a harmonised international trademark database (the “Patstat of trademarks”), in which equivalent trademarks have been identified across national offices. We have developed a pilot database that incorporates 6.4 million U.S., 1.3 million Australian, and 0.5 million New Zealand trademark applications, spanning over 100 years.

Petrie, S (2016)Linking international trademark databases to inform IP research and policy; Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Science and Technology Indicators; Valencia, Spain, 14 September 2016; p.298-302.